First Aid Kit-Household 

First aid is beneficial to deal with common and household injuries. It is crucial to understand the rules and regulations as well as the warning signs to seek out medical assistance promptly.

SCRAPES, CUTS, and WUNDS

  • Always wash your hands thoroughly before handling injuries and providing first aid.
  • Use gentle pressure on the cut or wound with gauze until the bleeding ceases. The part that is affected may be elevated to stop bleeding.
  • Wash the wound or cut with running water to cleanse and eliminate any debris. Don’t apply soap or a cleansing agent to the wound. Cleansing with tap water is simpler and more efficient than using antiseptic products.
  • The application of antiseptic ointments isn’t recommended in all cases since it can slow the healing process. Antibiotic/antiseptic ointments are to be used under medical advice if the wound looks infected.
  • Cover with dry gauze and tape or adhesive bandage. Don’t apply any bandage or adhesive tape directly to the wound.
  • Don’t breathe or blow onto the wound/cut
  • Don’t apply pressure to the wound’s edges or the inside of the wound using your hands.
  • Avoid using cotton to clean or cover wounds since they may be stuck, leaving behind threads and strands and slow healing.
  • Don’t try to remove the scabs of a wound.
  • Make sure you have a first-aid kit with several bandages, gauze adhesive tapes, antiseptic, and gloves.

See a doctor if

  • The wound appears to be like it is deep or gaping, with its edges a long way from each other, which means it could necessitate stitches (sutures).
  • There is a continuous flow of blood or oozing after 10 minutes of pressure the bleeding is occurring through the bandage or if there is a spurting of blood.
  • Foreign objects may be present in wounds, despite being cleaned under running water.
  • The signs of infection can be seen such as pain, swelling or throbbing, the oozing of pus, or fever.
  • The wounds can be found on any part that is visible on your face. near the genitals.
  • There has not been a tetanus shot given in the last five years.

BURNS

Minor burns and scalds from the kitchen from stove fire hot appliances/pans or boiling water. can be treated at home using first aid.

  • Put part under cool running water for 10-15 min. Don’t apply cold water or ice.
  • Take away straps, jewelry, and loose clothes in the area. Don’t forcefully remove any objects that are stuck to the area of the burn.
  • You can apply antiseptic ointment over the burn areas once it has cooled.
  • Wrap loosely in gauze, and then bandage.
  • Avoid applying oil, butter, toothpaste or creams, or lotions.
  • Do not apply cotton directly to the burned area.
  • Don’t puncture blisters, or peeling skin.

Different Types of Burns

1st-degree First-degree burns are only superficial layers of skin. It’s mild and shows pain, redness, and swelling that is followed, after a couple of days of skin peeling. They usually heal within one week, without lasting signs of scarring or skin changes.

Second degree The burns affect the skin’s deeper layers but are only partial in the thickness. They can be seen as swelling, redness, pain, and blisters. They heal within 2 to 4 weeks, but there are permanent scarring and changes to the skin. Burns of second-degree that are severe must be treated with medical supervision.

Third-degree full-thickness burns. The appearance of charring is typically visible and significant destruction to the skin as well as the deeper layers of fat and muscles. Nerves can also be damaged and cause numbness, not pain. They require immediate medical attention as well as treatment using antibiotics. If they are severe, hospitalization might be required to administer fluids and prevent or manage to drop the blood pressure or even shock. The healing process can take from months to a few weeks, often with visible scarring. The procedure of skin grafting is usually required.

Percentage of the Total Body Surface Area Burn This is calculated using the ‘rule of Nine and is important for third and second-degree burns. The weight and the percentage of the total body area (TBSA) affected help determine the loss of fluid and the amount that needs to be replaced intravenously.

The following burns need to be treated immediately in a hospital:

  • Second-degree burns exceeding 10 10% TBSA for children and the elderly and more than 20 percent TBSA between the ages of 11-50 and burns on the faces, hands, feet, genitals, or other important joints that move; and for those who have significant complications.
  • Third-degree burns of greater than 5% are common regardless of age.
  • Lightning strike, electrical and chemical/acid burns.
  • Inhalation of soot as well as foreign particles in the burning and fire.
  • Associated physical injuries like fracture, penetrating/open/bleeding wounds, etc.

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