Everything About Hunger

Hunger is the body’s signal that there is a biological need for food, but most of us eat for reasons that are not related to hunger. Have you ever walked into a movie theater and ordered a large popcorn despite being full from lunch? Or tried a tub of the rocky road to mending a broken heart?

An urge to eat can be caused by a variety of factors other than a physical need for fuel. Understanding how hunger and appetite work can help you tell when you’re really hungry and when your hunger signals may be a sign that you need something else.

Physical Thirst

Physical hunger manifests itself in a variety of ways, including a growling or cavernous stomach, weakness, headaches, difficulty concentrating, and even a depressed or grumpy mood. It is critical to recognize and respond to these warning signs. When physical hunger is ignored, the body sets in motion complex biological mechanisms that can lead to increased hunger and eating over time.

When hunger is ignored, the body will do the following:

Increase the amount of neuropeptide Y, a chemical in the brain that makes you want to eat (especially carbs).

Increase the production of ghrelin, a hunger-inducing hormone.

reducing leptin production, a hormone that promotes satiety.

Ignoring physical hunger is not a good long-term health strategy. Lack of sleep, high-stress levels, and eating a low-nutrient diet are all factors that influence physical hunger.

Pay Close Attention

Rather than fighting your hunger, learn to cooperate with it. Begin by becoming aware of your body’s hunger cues and practicing responding to them regularly. Check in with your hunger regularly and take note of any personal indicators that it’s time to eat. If you’re always hungry, try eating more whole, nutrient-dense foods and making sleep and stress management your top priorities.

Emotional Thirst

Emotions frequently manifest as a desire to eat. Sadness, loneliness, anxiety, and boredom all elicit strong emotions that can lead to hunger pangs. Using food to boost one’s mood or to celebrate is neither unusual nor unhealthy. However, turning to food to soothe unpleasant emotions can lead to disordered eating and deterioration of emotional health.

Changes in hunger sensations can also result from a restrictive relationship with food. Those who categorize foods as “good” or “bad” are more likely to binge when they eat restricted foods. This is known as the “last supper phenomenon,” in which people convince themselves that this is the last time they will eat a particular food before cutting it out, and as a result, feel compelled to eat a lot.

Control Your Emotions

Take a moment before eating to be aware of your thoughts, feelings, and physical sensations. If you don’t notice physical hunger signals and instead experience intense or unpleasant emotions, it could be a sign that you’re coping with food. Ask yourself, “Am I physically hungry?” before reaching for a snack. If the answer is no, try checking in for uncomfortable emotions or unmet needs before turning to food to soothe them.

Emotional eating can be difficult to overcome. If you believe you are struggling, seek professional help from a mental health counselor or a registered dietician.

Hunger in Adversity

What and how much you eat is heavily influenced by your surroundings. Large portions at restaurants, constant food ads, and your home and place of work can all affect your hunger.

The Cornell Food and Brand Lab, which studies the environmental influence on eating behavior, has made some significant discoveries:

People who cook in dirty kitchens eat more than those who cook in clean kitchens.

Junk food left out on the counter can lead to overeating. Those who keep soda or cereal on their countertops weigh 20 to 26 pounds more than those who do not. What’s the good news? Those who have fruit bowls on their counters weigh 13 pounds less on average.

Fruit is more appealing to elementary school students when it is cut up rather than served whole.

When people portion out servings, they naturally eat fewer calories than when they eat straight from a box or bag.

Establish a Success Habit.

These key findings highlight an important point: your surroundings have a big influence on your eating habits. The Food and Brand Lab recommends the CAN approach to make the most of your environment: Make healthy foods appealing, appealing, and normal. This can include decluttering your kitchen, prewashing and slicing produce, batch cooking healthy meals on weekends, or replacing unhealthy snacks in the office and at home with better on-the-go options.


While hunger is a biological need, it frequently implies much more. Look at your relationship with food and the physical, emotional, and environmental things that make you want to eat to learn more about your hunger.

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